Multiple Intelligence-H.Gardner


Self-Test
Score the statements: 
1 = Mostly Disagree, 2 = Slightly Disagree, 3 = Slightly Agree, 4 = Mostly Agree.
  1. I can play a musical instrument
  2. I often have a song or piece of music in my head
  3. I find it easy to make up stories
  4. I have always been physically well co-ordinated (run, jump, balance, etc)
  5. Music is very important to me
  6. I am a good liar (if I want to be)
  7. I play a sport or dance
  8. I am a very social person and like being with other people
  9. I find graphs, charts and diagrams easy to understand
  10. I find it easy to remember quotes or phrases or poems or song lyrics
  11. I can always recognise places that I have been before, even when I was very young
  12. When I am concentrating I tend to doodle
  13. I find mental arithmetic easy (sums in my head)
  14. At school one of my favourite subjects is / was English
  15. I like to think through a problem carefully, considering all the consequences
  16. I love adrenaline sports and scary rides
  17. I enjoy individual sports best
  18. I find it easy to remember telephone numbers
  19. I set myself goals and plans for the future
  20. I can tell easily whether someone likes me or dislikes me
  21. To learn something new, I need to just get on and try it
  22. I often see clear images when I close my eyes
  23. I don’t use my fingers when I count
  24. At school I love / loved music lessons
  25. I find ball games easy and enjoyable
  26. My favourite subject at school is / was maths
  27. I always know how I am feeling
  28. I keep a diary
  29. My favourite subject at school is / was art
  30. I really enjoy reading 
  31. It upsets me to see someone cry and not be able to help
  32. I prefer team sports
  33. Singing makes me feel happy
  34. I am happy spending time alone
  35. My friends always come to me for emotional support and advice

Linguistic : 3,6,10,14,30
Logical-Mathematical : 13,15,18,23,26
Musical : 1,2,5,24,33
Bodily-Kinesthetic : 4,7,16,21,25
Spatial-Visual : 9,11,12,22,29
Interpersonal : 8,20,31,32,35
Intrapersonal: 17,19,27,28,34                                                                                         

**The highest scores indicate your natural strengths and
potential  - your natural intelligences.

----
Howard Gardner initially formulated a list of seven intelligences. His listing was provisional. The first two have been typically valued in schools; the next three are usually associated with the arts; and the final two are what Howard Gardner called 'personal intelligences' (Gardner 1999: 41-43).

Linguistic intelligence involves sensitivity to spoken and written language, the ability to learn languages, and the capacity to use language to accomplish certain goals. This intelligence includes the ability to effectively use language to express oneself rhetorically or poetically; and language as a means to remember information. Writers, poets, lawyers and speakers are among those that Howard Gardner sees as having high linguistic intelligence.
Logical-mathematical intelligence consists of the capacity to analyze problems logically, carry out mathematical operations, and investigate issues scientifically. In Howard Gardner's words, it entails the ability to detect patterns, reason deductively and think logically. This intelligence is most often associated with scientific and mathematical thinking.
Musical intelligence involves skill in the performance, composition, and appreciation of musical patterns. It encompasses the capacity to recognize and compose musical pitches, tones, and rhythms. According to Howard Gardner musical intelligence runs in an almost structural parallel to linguistic intelligence.
Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence entails the potential of using one's whole body or parts of the body to solve problems. It is the ability to use mental abilities to coordinate bodily movements. Howard Gardner sees mental and physical activity as related.
Spatial intelligence involves the potential to recognize and use the patterns of wide space and more confined areas.
Interpersonal intelligence is concerned with the capacity to understand the intentions, motivations and desires of other people. It allows people to work effectively with others. Educators, salespeople, religious and political leaders and counsellors all need a well-developed interpersonal intelligence.
Intrapersonal intelligence entails the capacity to understand oneself, to appreciate one's feelings, fears and motivations. In Howard Gardner's view it involves having an effective working model of ourselves, and to be able to use such information to regulate our lives.
In Frames of Mind Howard Gardner treated the personal intelligences 'as a piece'. Because of their close association in most cultures, they are often linked together. However, he still argues that it makes sense to think of two forms of personal intelligence. Gardner claimed that the seven intelligences rarely operate independently. They are used at the same time and tend to complement each other as people develop skills or solve problems.
In essence Howard Gardner argued that he was making two essential claims about multiple intelligences. That:
The theory is an account of human cognition in its fullness. The intelligences provided 'a new definition of human nature, cognitively speaking' (Gardner 1999: 44). Human beings are organisms who possess a basic set of intelligences.
People have a unique blend of intelligences. Howard Gardner argues that the big challenge facing the deployment of human resources 'is how to best take advantage of the uniqueness conferred on us as a species exhibiting several intelligences' (ibid.: 45).
*These intelligences, according to Howard Gardner, are amoral - they can be put to constructive or destructive use.
**
Education have massive effect on improving  MI. These are important factors that foster MI in students:
Culture: support for diverse learners and hard work.  Acting on a value system which maintains that diverse students can learn and succeed, that learning is exciting, and that hard work by teachers is necessary.
Readiness: awareness-building for implementing MI. Building staff awareness of MI and of the different ways that students learn.
Tool: MI is a means to foster high quality work. Using MI as a tool to promote high quality student work rather than using the theory as an end in and of itself.
Collaboration: informal and formal exchanges. Sharing ideas and constructive suggestions by the staff in formal and informal exchanges.
Choice: meaningful curriculum and assessment options. Embedding curriculum and assessment in activities that are valued both by students and the wider culture.
Arts: Employing the arts to develop children's skills and understanding within and across disciplines.

Hiç yorum yok:

Yorum Gönder