Personality Disorders


Cluster A (Odd)


Paranoid:

characterized by paranoia, long-standing suspiciousness and generalized mistrust of others.


Schizoid:
a lack of interest in social relationship sometimes sexually apathetic, a tendency towards a solitary lifestyle, secretiveness and emotional coldness.


Schizotypal:
is characterized by a need for social isolation, odd behavior and thinking and often unconventional beliefs.

Cluster B (Drammatic)


Antisocial:
a pervasive pattern of disregard for..., and violation of .., the rights of others. that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood.
-it is sometimes wrongly referred to as psychopathy or sociopathy. These are two dinstinct kinds of antisocial personality disorder. (Dr.David T. Lykken, wikipedia)-
if we briefly explain these two kinds; psychopaths are born with temperamental differences that lead them to risk-seeking behavior and an inability to internalize social norms. On the other hand, the doctor claimed that sociopaths have relatively normal temperaments;  their personality disorder being more on effect of negative sociological factors like parent neglect, powerty, deliquent peers, extremely low or high intelligence.
To sum up, psychopathy leans towards the hereditory whereas sociopathy tends towards the environmental.

Borderline:
This disorder typically involves unusual levels of instability in mood; black-white thinking, splitting. The disorder manifests itself in idealization and devaluation eposodes, as well as chaotic and unstable interpersonal relationships, self-image, identity and behavior, as well as a disturbance in the individual's sens of self.


Histrionic:
is characterized by a pattern of excessive emotionally and attention-seeking, including an excessive need for approval and inappropriately seductive behavior, those individuals are lively, dramatic, enthusiastic and flirtious.

Narcissistic:
excessively preoccupted with issues of personal adequacy, power, prestige and vanity. It is closely linked to self-centredness.


Cluster C (Anxious)
Avoidant:
a person characterized by a pervasive pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, extreme sensitivity to negative evaluation, and avoidance of social interaction.
People with Avoidant personality disorder often consider themselves to be socially inept or personally unappealing, and avoid social interaction for fear of being ridiculed, humiliated, rejected, or disliked.
Avoidant personality disorder is usually first noticed in early adulthood. Childhood emotional neglect and peer group rejection are both associated with an increased risk for the development of AvPD.
Dependent:

is a personality disorder that is characterized by a pervasive psychological dependence on other people. This personality disorder is a long-term (chronic) condition in which people depend too much on others to meet their emotional and physical needs.
The difference between a 'dependent personality' and a 'dependent personality disorder' is somewhat subjective, which makes diagnosis sensitive to cultural influences such as gender role expectations.
Obsessive-Compulsive:
 is a personality disorder characterized by a pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and mental and interpersonal control at the expense of flexibility, openness, and efficiency. 

Not specified

Depressive
Passive-agressive
Sadistic
Self-defeating


source: wikipedia

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